Euphoria and Depression
- early side effects include euphoria lasting 5-15 minutes.
This 'high' is followed by a crushing 'low' (depression)
that leaves the user craving more of the drug.
Damage and Addiction
- Cocaine and 'crack' have an overwhelming effect on the
'pleasure centers' in the brain. The drugs interfere,
alter, damage, and take control of specialized cells that
regulate pleasure, well-being and mood. Regular use may
shut off the brain's ability to ever be or feel 'normal'
without cocaine. Long term use may cause permanent biological
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
- increases blood pressure, heart rate, breathing and
- suppresses desire for food, sex and sleep
- can cause strokes, brain seizures, respiratory failure,
heart attack, convulsions and death.
- Cocaine and crack can damage the liver's ability to
detoxify blood, while reducing the production of critical
enzymes needed for normal body functions.
- Hepatitus can be contracted and cause serious liver
damage, or lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitus
is highly contagious.
The blood supply is reduced to the intestines, resulting
in nausea, diarrhea, painful cramps, inflammation and
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM - Males and Females
Regular use can result in loss of interest in sex, decreased
sexual performancce, risk of impotence and infertility
- Cocaine and crack can cause miscarriages, developmental
disorders and complications during birth
- Can result in premature separation of placenta from
uterus leading to premature births or stillbirths
- Babies run a greater risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
(SIDS). Cocaine babies have higher risk of respiratory,
kidney trouble, and genital malformation. Visual problems,
lack of coordination and retardation are common
- Babies can suffer strokes and heart attacks
AND PERSONALITY CHANGES
Irritability, anxiety, panic attacks, excitable, 'hyper,'
erratic, confused, depressed, non-stop babbling, sleeplessness,
chronic fatigue, short tempers, bizarre behavior, agressiveness
and violence, suicidal behavior, paranoia, delusions and
Dilation of pupils and blurred vision
Inhaling cocaine vapors causes hoarseness, coughing and
constant sore throat
Smoking cocaine damages lung cells' ability to process
gases, leaving user with constant cough and shortness
of breath. Use may result in respiratory failure -- the
brain stops signalling muscles that control breathing,
and they stop working.
Constricts the heart's blood vessels, increasing blood
pressure. This may trigger heart attack, heart failure,
irregular heart beat and sudden death.
Cocaine and crack cause blood vessels to constrict, increasing
blood pressure, and risk of heart attack and stroke
Users sharing needles run high risk of infecting themselves
with hepatitus or AIDS. Users may pass these diseases
to their sexual partners, unborn babies or others.
Increased need to urinate
Loss of appetite can be so severe that it leads to dramatic
weight loss and malnutrition.